A criminal act is a deed or action that violates public order, the personal safety of individuals or the security of their belongings, or the safety of the general community. Criminal acts are serious infractions that constitute a crime, for which a person can be prosecuted on indictment.

A victim of a crime is defined as a person who has suffered physical or emotional harm, property damage, or economic loss as a result of a crime. Criminal acts are listed in the Criminal Code of Canada.